QAOps refers to managing software quality by approaching it with DevOps. You must have come across the word “DevOps”. DevOps refers to Software Development (Dev) and IT Operations (Ops) and builds a relationship between development and IT Operations. The purpose of DevOps is to shorten the software development life cycle. That way testing teams can focus on different development functions, like pushing many updates that are in association with business goals and fixing bugs.
Just like DevOps, the aim of QAOps is to improve the process of communication between the original developers and the testing engineers by understanding the testing of the software in the CI/CD, rather than leaving it to Quality Assurance teams to work in isolation.
Quality Assurance (QA) plays a significant role in the delivery of a quality software product. If it is possible to bring software development and software operations together, wouldn’t it be possible for organizations to bring software QA and software operations together as a business practice? This yields a new flavor to DevOps called the QAOps framework.
QAOps can be described in two major steps:
- QA activities are understood in the CI/CD channels.
- QA engineers are concerned with the whole process of the CI/CD channel and they work together with the developers.
One of the main examples of some companies using the QAOps is Facebook. In 2014, to implement the login review across all apps and to move to Facebook Graph API version 2.0, the Facebook team tested the new version of QAOps on the apps in order to make sure the smooth migration process.
The QAOps philosophy is not restricted to be applied just by the large tech companies but also by medium and small teams as well. Its applications can be flexed and mixed to fit in any size of the businesses. With its exceptional features, the QAOps is predicted to become a top software testing trend in 2020 with the DevOps.
There are four main methods to approach the implementation of QAOps.
With many tools and frameworks available in the market today, automated testing has become one of the secure methods for software testing. Automated testing speeds up the software testing process because it is performed by the computer. And obviously, the computer is faster than a human being.
Appending automated testing in between continuous integration and continuous delivery is one method to approach QAOps. The QA team should completely understand testing use cases when it creates an automated testing tool. Because there is continuous delivery, any error in the testing tool would massively change the quality of the product.
Parallel testing is done to test various parts or components of the application at the same time. The testing process for each component should be independent of the others.
Parallel testing is most efficient when you practice automated testing. You can use various tools that provide parallel testing features, or you can use a concept of threads to achieve parallel testing, where you’ll write tests in your preferred programming language so that they run various processes at the same time.
Scalability testing test’s the application’s performance when it is scaled up or down. Depending on how much the product is being used at any given moment, the number of customer requests can increase or decrease. So scalability testing encourages you to understand how your product performs under various request loads.
You don’t want an application to break when you get a spike in the number of requests. This would end in the loss of business. That’s why it’s important to do scalability testing and make modifications to the product if required.
Integrating Dev and Ops With QA
The final practice to obtain a QAOps framework is to execute the QA activities as a part of the CI/CD pipeline. One of the simplest ways to integrate Development and IT operations with QA is to get developers to write test cases and IT operations engineers to identify potential UI/UX difficulties with the web application through QA team assistance. This gives the perfect chance to developers and QA engineers to collaborate and receive a clear picture of the complete QA process. It also does not imply that QA engineers can take their hands off these processes and stay idle. This collaboration between the different stakeholders only makes the whole process of development and testing more effective.
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