Bain’s recent study foretells that IoT markets combined will reach over $520 billion by 2022. In addition, data analytics will be the fastest developing area of IoT. This implies that system integration, consumer devices, connectors, network, and data centers are important areas in the IoT market. Since IoT is displaying immense assurance, software testing is one of the ways to help ensure the industry’s bright future and get all these predictions to come true.
But first, what can we expect from IoT in the following few years?
Bain also discusses cloud services to be one of the most prominent IoT providers. The research discovered that cloud providers might, certainly, lower barriers for IoT adoption, creating use cases easier and easier to implement. Therefore, we might see companies and industrial organizations adopting cloud solutions for the purpose of quicker product release and cost-efficiency.
The first IoT software platforms presented all-in-one solution services. But such platforms need flexibility and fail to meet unique customer requirements.
Since companies are taking a more customer-oriented strategy, we can expect the next generation of network services to properly address the wider array of customer requirements. A shift from the independent, all-solution software platforms will build IoT applications widely open at leading cloud providers such as Azure or AWS.
New partnerships with cloud services, in-built security, and a larger marketplace are the features customers can expect from advanced IoT.
5G technology appends a value to connectivity issues, thus delivering IoT as a driver of industrial changes. New networks and wireless tech support can take safety and real-time awareness to developing autonomous vehicles, supporting smart highways, and planning and producing a wireless transport ecosystem. Yeah, it seems like a fictional movie.
But what is growing increasingly clear is that road communication and logistics could get numerous advantages from IoT.
Besides, software applications for remote healthcare could also improve the quality of medical services rendered globally. Wireless support for surgery devices, data transfer, and telemedicine are added sectors where IoT might affect its future.
There are still places on earth that need urban roadside infrastructure, medical services, and/or global web access. Approved by 5G, the Internet of Things might initiate new doors and problem-solving possibilities.
The democratization of IoT, influence on industries, and simpler access via cloud services left the competition away in terms of IoT and customer commitment. And that`s where the question of software quality appears to play. As the number of IoT devices enhances, consumer expectations of technology, interface, and performance increase as well. That`s why we’ve embraced the following IoT software testing steps before a release:
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Since IoT systems combine a broad range of devices, software and hardware configuration for those devices can differ. The purpose of compatibility tests is to work through all of the needed combinations of gadgets that get attached to the system. Therefore, communication modes, browser types, device generations, and different operating systems are required to testing items required for IoT compatibility checks.
These tests assure faultless implementation of the complete IoT strategy and plan. These tests ensure your IoT application speed can manage environments with massive data loads. Non-standard situations and simulated loads help check the IoT system through complex working situations.
Since performance testing needs a well-thought-out plan, these are the important parameters:
- Increased data capacity assure slot products perform below extreme data volumes.
- Test cases with a diverse number of devices — from only a few to a thousand
- Simulating cross-device data exchange
- Monitoring utility: system usage display, temperature index, power and battery consumption, etc.
- Network impact testing: covering the performance of a deployed IoT app. This stage involves testing a device for a mixture of environmental conditions and network size.
Your IoT system should be ready at all times and seamlessly attached to Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, 4G, etc. When the connection is working, QA engineers must assure that data storage runs smoothly. But a “connection down” situation needs more attention, as the tests for wireless connectivity situations bring attention to the software makers. The potential difficulties with connection shape rotate around application design. No matter how strong the network is, the likelihoods are the system goes offline. That`s why QA requires to incorporate the bases and check what might happen if the network is lost unexpectedly.
QA assures that the mechanism of data storage continues to run through periods offline. This means that data loss is limited and saved in an offline mode. Software testing often goes into real-world tests — reviewing the app in the essential environment switching between the connections.
While Dropcam and Nest have successfully made waves with the customers, the Apple HomeKit operates on its full home connectivity. Nevertheless, testing in an unfamiliar environment might be challenging for QA engineers. In this case, it is important to consider compatibility (the other devices being at home) or home layout. Virtualization is a way forward for dev and test teams to display any house type and locate device states, though. Therefore, testers have a full understanding of the real-life situations the IoT system would work in.
The Internet of Things Solutions World Congress (IoTSWC) 2018 foretells the slow simplification of communication protocol measures in IoT development. That implies automated testing has a good possibility to completely enter the industry. For now, testing applications related to the network often ends in sleepless nights, as not all IoT devices can be addressed by automation. However, the application of automated tests for IoT is always a subject of a particular device. The simulators might help to provide the network of IoT nodes and deliver a variety of advantages for IoT product release:
- Speed. The accelerated testing method is one of the purposes automation can bring to IoT quality assurance. It eliminates resource limits and allows continuous app testing to be performed along with a cross-device check.
- Test Coverage. Since automated tests are cost-effective, QA would encourage a wider variety of app versions, desktop, and mobile devices to detect early-stage defects. The performance of the associated device and the controlling app might also improve in performance with the help of autotests.
- Use. Automated testing might assure the IoT app is multi-user-friendly and can be used in a dispersed environment.
As IoT is an emerging technology, the role of automated QA is one of the approaches to accelerate product delivery and improve the competitive edge of the industry.
Seems like 2021 should be exciting since IoT technology remains to revolutionize businesses, delivering new solutions to our everyday lives. These modifications might not be fast, but one thing is for certain: We can assume major market changes concerning IoT in the following years. Stay tuned!
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